What is the Euro? The single currency of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) introduced in January 1999. EMU members are Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain.
The use of a single currency across many countries has both advantages and disadvantages in relation to the Forex. One of the biggest benefits of the euro is that the exchange rate is lowered, thus making investment across borders easier. There are risks in the changes in the value of the currency. This means that companies find it risky to import or export outside their currency zone and that profits could be lowered. Using a unified form of currency eliminates this worry. It creates a more risk free import and export area, which already relies heavily on intra-European exports.
The Forex, also called the foreign exchange market is the largest and most liquid trading market in the world. Unlike the stock exchange, the Forex does not have a certain trading place or closing time. Instead, over $ 2 trillion are traded and sold every day. The Forex never closes and trading takes place twenty-four hours a day during the business week.
There are currently six major currency pairs that are used and traded each day on the Forex. These six pairs account for up to 90 percent of the trading activity each and every day. These include the euro and the US dollar (EUR/USD), the Japanese yen and the US dollar (JPY/USD), the US dollar and the Swiss Franc (USD/CHF), the Australian dollar and the US dollar (AUD/USD), the British pound and the US dollar (GBP/USD) and the US dollar and the Canadian dollar (USD/CAD).
Each of these currencies operates a little differently in the Forex and fluctuates a little on a daily basis. The Euro is very important in the foreign exchange currency. It does not just represent one country, but a total of twelve countries in Europe. The countries that are members of the European Union and recognize the Euro as currency are Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden. Out of the fifteen members of the European Union, only two do not recognize the euro as the official currency. These are Denmark and the United Kingdom. Sweden only began using the euro in 2005.
The transition to the Euro helped to make it worth more and become a more accepted form of currency. Another benefit of many countries using the euro is that it eliminates the need for conversion fees. When a person or business has the need to exchange currency, there is a fee involved. Most financial institutions charge some sort of percentage for conversion and while it is a relative small amount, it adds up. Multiple changes add up all across Europe. Eliminating these fees saves the economy in the long run.
When looking at the Forex and the way the euro performs, it is also important to remember that using one form of currency creates a deeper financial market. This means that the European markets are much more liquid than in the past. There is more competition with the euro not that it is more widely accepted and used. The idea that it will created a deeper financial market means it will affect they way the consumers spend the currency all across the continent. This will in turn, lead to increased amounts of money that is spent on the stock market.
Now that the euro has become one of the major currencies in the world, trading for it and with it will increase on the Forex. The Forex is usually dominated by the US dollar, but the euro is making a strong stand. The use of this currency all over the European countries is appealing in many ways and it is widely accepted all over the world. Both businesses and individuals benefit from the use of the euro in these countries without the worry of having the exchange the money as much as in the past.
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