Undergraduate psychology programs are generally designed to teach students about the brain, human behavior and social interactions through scientific approaches. Many schools offer both Bachelor of Science (B.S.) and Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) programs in psychology; B.S. programs often include more coursework and labs related to math and science, such as neurobiological processes and the mechanics of the brain.
Some B.S. in Psychology programs allow students to focus their studies in a subfield of psychology, such as mental health, forensic psychology or developmental psychology. Students can acquire an understanding about the ethics of psychology, especially in regard to interacting with clients.
Throughout this program, students may participate in research, practicum or clinical hours, as well as independent studies or capstone projects related to an area of interest, such as human behavior or development. Students may also have the opportunity to become members of Psi Chi (the National Honor Society in Psychology) or student chapters of the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society.
Bachelor of Science in Psychology programs offer students foundational knowledge in analytical reasoning, cognition, statistics and subfields of psychology. Furthermore, students can improve their skills in technical writing, critical thinking and research. Students may encounter course topics such as:
* Abnormal psychology
* Clinical psychology
* Aging and adulthood
* Social development and psychology
* Personality theories
Continuing Education Information
Students who want to become professional psychologists must enter a graduate program in psychology, usually a Doctor of Psychology or a Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology. At the graduate level, students can focus their studies on one specific area, such as clinical psychology, developmental psychology or health psychology. Some graduate programs offer a dual program that combine the Doctor of Philosophy program with a master’s degree in a different field, such as public policy. Psychologists who plan to work with clients are also required to earn state licensure, according to the BLS.
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