The OMICS Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology is an Open Access Journal that is based on the norms of Bethesda Statement. The journal focuses on the aspects of biotechnology, which is actually something that overlaps the domains of healthcare, livestock, ecosystems, animal habitats, and even production and manufacturing domains.
The OMICS Publishing Group removes restrictions on sharing of scientific literature through the Open Access journals. The journal of environmental biotechnology mentions the latest in the field of research pertaining to the environmental pollution control and waste generation and disposal. The journal can also be accessed in various formats including html and pdf. The OMICS Publishing Group is ranked ninth according to the Index Copernicus ranking of publishers.
There are several advanced techniques of waste management and treatment pursued by the industry. These include bioremediation that involves cleaning up contamination and phytoremediation. Other aspects of environmental biotechnology include the protection of environment using genetic engineering. The bioremediation process actually involves contaminants mineralization through biological activity.
One of the hazardous phenomena observed in the current scenario is the leakage and spill of oil reserves, particularly off the Gulf of Mexico. Environmental researchers and specialists are working towards the proper remedial measures to counter such spills and the ill effects it causes to the environment and the living organisms in the underlying oceans. According to the more recent classification from environmental studies, the wastewater contaminants include nutrients, dissolved and refractory organics, heavy metals, pathogens and parasites, suspended solids and other priority pollutants.
Containment reduces the risk of migration of contaminant to receptors that deem it harmful. On the other hand, removal or separation actually segregates the contaminant from water or soil. The contaminant can also be made soluble by chelating it, thereby making it ineffective or harmless. This is usually done through a process called immobilization. Several articles in the OMICS journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology address these issues in a detailed manner.
Bioremediation is said to be dependent on the capacity of microorganism to develop the metabolism and to optimize enzyme activity. The environmental technology transition studies have revealed four major parameters that affect the transition. These include time, contamination, concentration and depth.
One of the pre-treatment processes established from wastewater studies is anaerobic biotreatment, which does not require oxygen. Various processes for the development of goods have been researched by experts that lead to minimum discharge of environmental wastes and which enable regulated treatment and disposal of the generated waste.
Chemical or biochemical stabilization of contaminants is a part of alternatives for incomplete biodegradation of contaminants into less toxic products. Several more forms of complex biotechnology and environment research revolve around the cellular-level processes that include Biosorption, Bioleaching, Biominerlization and enzyme-catalyzed transformations.
There are several methods of treating the biowaste and when the effluent’s carbonic content is high among the liquids, the anaerobic process is the most suitable, according to the waste treatment studies. A large portion of petroleum wastes from well-sites and gas plants is treated in an exclusive way. Oily wastes include spilled crude, produced sand and crude oil emulsions.