Today,when talking about Eastern Europe,Romania to be more precise, gay, lesbian, bisexual and transsexual people are protected against discrimination (since the law 200 was taken out from the Romanian Constitutional Act) and homosexuality been legalized. Gays are allowed to roll in the Romanian military service, and while the country itself does not recognize homosexual and lesbian marriages, it is wanted to recognize marriages and partnerships concerning homosexual couples throughout the rest of the European Union. But while some particular rights, such as homosexual marriage equality, have not yet been obtained within the country, Romania has a long road to go in order to be more liberal with the LGBT and gay community.
Social conservatism inside the Eastern Europe, especially concerning the LGBT rights and right to marriage, has definitely had it’s hold on this eastern nation. Romania’s Penal Code found that all homosexual acts were completely illegal and abnormal, basically forcing gay individuals to select between their sexuality and also the possibility that they would be caught, which would result in punishment by death penalty or life imprisonment. Anyway, the code was not modified until the middle of the 20th century, when, in middle of the 30’s, it only addressed homosexuality law within its outline of sexual assault/rape.
In the end, it was established through Article 431 that homosexuality was legal if kept “in bedroom”, in intimacy. In the late 1960s, communism in the country of Romania rose to power and its forerunners overturned the law regarding homosexuality to its illegal status, through acts such as Article 200, which not only made it clear that LGBT people had to keep their orientations strictly for themselves, but made it even more dangerous than before for them not to. To be honest, we have to admit that nowadays other countries are the ones which are responsible for much of Romania’s positive evolution regarding its policy on gay rights, especially countries such as Netherlands or United Kingdom, and also the demands to change certain marriage laws within order for Romania in order to be eligible to join the European Union.
Organizations that have been sponsoring Romanian organizations for example ACCEPT and its various LGBT events consist of multinational, American, and numerous European groups, and Romanian organizations such as ACCEPT, which have employed full time and paid workers, particularly under the competent and advised leadership of activists for example Adrian Coman, have been responsible for social alter inside the borders of Romania, as larger organizations could much better hold their personal against numerous regimes concerning this Eastern nation.
Homosexual couples from the country of Romania are not allowed to adopt children or get married, but as of 2005, it is apparently legal for lesbian couples to have their own children using in-vitro fertilization.
Also beginning with the the 2000s, the age of consent was made the same for both homosexual and heterosexual couples, which is at least 16. But despite the inequalities that exist in this country concerning the LGBT community and homosexual couples, the gay and LGBT community continues its evolve, especially when it comes to gay marriages. Due largely to gay rights advocating organizations in Romania, and most of all the work of Romania’s leading LGBT rights non governmental team ACCEPT, the Open Society Institute, and various foreign organizations the need for equality no matter the sexual orientation has been made public through certain media and events, such as the annual GayFest, put together each year by ACCEPT with thehelp from many other sponsoring organizations, which includes a general festival, a pride parade and a film festival, all of them being annually held in Bucharest.
The annual Gay Film Nights film festival held in the city of Cluj-Napoca, which is free to attend and screens films concerning various LGBT topics.
There is also an official Romanian gay blog dedicated for Romanian gay people, called gay Romania – DarkQ ( you can find the English version for this site at http://en.darkq.net ). DarkQ can provide info to Romanian travelers who are looking for method to get in touch with a strong gay base, Bucharest and Cluj-Napoca are two of the most popular destinations in the country Romania.
These cities are important for LGBT people simply because of the events that take place anally inside the two, but both cities have become two of the biggest hubs for equality and substantial social alter, and the two of them have a fairly increased number of gay men, lesbians, bisexuals and transgenders in addition to a powerful LGBT culture. Gay and LGBT establishments are growing in popularity, with some of Bucharest’s most popular gay night clubs and pubs including Impact Club, Purple Club, Queen’s Club.
Besides these, in Cluj-Napoca could be discovered The Angel’s Club, and the Toxice Drag Queen Band who are very popular.