Today,when talking about Eastern Europe,Romania to be more precise, gay, lesbian, bisexual and transsexual people are protected against discrimination (since the law 200 was taken out from the Romanian Constitutional Act) and homosexuality been legalized. Gays are allowed to roll in the Romanian military service, and while the country itself does not recognize homosexual and lesbian marriages, it is wanted to recognize marriages and partnerships concerning homosexual couples throughout the rest of the European Union. But while some particular rights, such as homosexual marriage equality, have not yet been obtained within the country, Romania has a long road to go in order to be more liberal with the LGBT and gay community.
Social conservatism inside the Eastern Europe, especially concerning the LGBT rights and right to marriage, has definitely had it’s hold on this eastern nation. Romania’s Penal Code found that all homosexual acts were completely illegal and abnormal, basically forcing gay individuals to select between their sexuality and also the possibility that they would be caught, which would result in punishment by death penalty or life imprisonment. Anyway, the code was not modified until the middle of the 20th century, when, in middle of the 30’s, it only addressed homosexuality law within its outline of sexual assault/rape.
In the end, it was established through Article 431 that homosexuality was legal if kept “in bedroom”, in intimacy. In the late 1960s, communism in the country of Romania rose to power and its forerunners overturned the law regarding homosexuality to its illegal status, through acts such as Article 200, which not only made it clear that LGBT people had to keep their orientations strictly for themselves, but made it even more dangerous than before for them not to. To be honest, we have to admit that nowadays other countries are the ones which are responsible for much of Romania’s positive evolution regarding its policy on gay rights, especially countries such as Netherlands or United Kingdom, and also the demands to change certain marriage laws within order for Romania in order to be eligible to join the European Union.
Organizations which have been sponsoring Romanian organizations such as ACCEPT and its various LGBT events include multi-national, American, and various European groups, and Romanian organizations such as ACCEPT, which have employed full time and paid workers, especially under the competent and advised leadership of activists such as Adrian Coman, have been responsible for social change within the borders of Romania, as larger organizations could better hold their own against various regimes concerning this Eastern country.
Homosexual couples from the country of Romania are not allowed to adopt children or get married, but as of 2005, it is apparently legal for lesbian couples to have their own children using in-vitro fertilization.
Also beginning with the the 2000s, the age of consent was created the same for both homosexual and heterosexual couples, which is at least 16. But despite the inequalities that exist in this country concerning the LGBT community and homosexual couples, the gay and LGBT community continues its evolve, particularly when it comes to gay marriages. Due largely to gay rights advocating organizations in Romania, and most of all the work of Romania’s leading LGBT rights non governmental team ACCEPT, the Open Society Institute, and various foreign organizations the require for equality no matter the sexual orientation has been made public through particular media and events, for example the annual GayFest, put together each year by ACCEPT with the help from many other sponsoring organizations, which includes a general festival, a pride parade and a film festival, all of them being annually held in Bucharest.
The annual Gay Film Nights film festival held in the city of Cluj-Napoca, which is free to attend and screens films concerning various LGBT topics.
There is also an official Romanian gay blog dedicated for Romanian gay individuals, known as gay Romania – DarkQ ( you can discover the English version for this site at http://en.darkq.net ). DarkQ can provide info to Romanian travelers who are looking for method to obtain in touch with a strong gay base, Bucharest and Cluj-Napoca are two from the most well-known destinations within the nation Romania.
These cities are important for LGBT people because of the events that take place anally within both, but both cities have become two of the biggest hubs for equality and significant social change, and both of them have a relatively increased number of gay men, lesbians, bisexuals and transgenders and also a strong LGBT culture. Gay and LGBT establishments are growing in popularity, with some of Bucharest’s most popular gay night clubs and pubs including Impact Club, Purple Club, Queen’s Club.
Besides these, in Cluj-Napoca could be discovered The Angel’s Club, and the Toxice Drag Queen Band who are very popular.