Parcel maps play an important role in helping property buyers and sellers understand the location, orientation and lot dimensions of a property. In the United States, platting is required by law as a necessary step in incorporating a county, town or any specific place. When creating plat maps became a requirement, the process of incorporating cities take place in a court house. Thus, the first incorporation papers of the cities in the US may be kept in another state instead of keeping it within the state where the city being incorporated belongs. A good example of this is when you need to see the original 1849 plat map of the General Land Office for San Francisco, CA; you must visit Oregon City for it. Oregon City was the site nearest land office to San Francisco during 1849.
A plat map is created by land surveyors to show the distance and boundaries between street corners, including lot dimension or topographic information. It is typically used in showing villages divided into blocks with streets and the orientation of each house. Further details are shown like the individual lot size and shape to give clients a better perspective of a property. In this way, they can set their expectations with their lender regarding the size of the property to be purchased. Legal descriptions like the property’s block and lot numbers should also be included in all plat maps. The legal process involves the work of different government agencies like the public works division, zoning board and the urban planning department so as to review and approve each map.
County maps are made for several reasons besides for marketing purposes. It is where land surveyors and draftsmen designate roads, block sections and alleys of a subdivision. That way, buyers and sellers can be sure of having the right access to a public way or another property. It prevents property owners to trespass in other properties because they became familiar with how the subdivision is set up. The property owners will know the areas in the village that are dedicated to public use like club houses, recreation centers and parks. To avoid compliance issues with the zoning department, plat maps are create to comply with the zoning regulations of the state regarding lot geometry and sizes.
When looking closely at a plat map, you can notice certain figures and numbers. Parcel data are the information indicated in a plat map to let the viewer know about property boundaries, orientation, assessor’s parcel number, etc. Knowing how to read the orientation of a property is very important since it can help you determine which way your house is facing, especially when you are talking about flood zones. It is this way that you will be able to choose the best house location for your family and avoid areas susceptible to flooding, landslide and other security concerns. Plat maps also come handy when you need to divide land areas in which a surveyor may help you take exact measurements of the property to be submitted to a governing agency to have it approve.
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