Costa Rica, with its verdant forests and rich wildlife, is still quite young when it comes to green activism in both economics and politics. While the country is proud of its rich heritage, much of its local politics regarding being green is still to be developed. This is where expatriates that have wide expansive knowledge on the matters of environmentalism and ecological protection can sow the seeds.
This small country has already declared nearly 27% of its landmass as national parks and protected reserves. This area contains roughly 5% of the world’s biodiversity but the preservation and protection of these areas through collective action has been quite lukewarm in the country, especially the countryside areas.
Other policy aspects of environmentalism, such as repurposing and recycling, lowering the use of plastics, employment of agricultural sustainability programs, restricted use of pesticides and inorganic fertilizers, waste management, resource maintenance and protection remain to be amongst the least important priorities of the government. Thus, many areas of the country are being ruined by wasteful and non-eco friendly practices.
Government still retains the power to exercise its actions to protect the state. In the last decade or so, people only had a two party system namely the PLN or National Liberation Party and the PUS or Social Christian Unity Party. A new party has emerged recently, the PAC or Citizen’s Action Party which opened up the political landscape of the country.
Sadly, none of these parties have taken up the cudgels on environmental issues as part of its policies and programs. Many of these partisans make environmentalism a punch line in their campaign speeches and slogans. There is though a small party that has made waves on this area, the PVE or the Green Ecological Party. This party still is at the grassroots level but its actions regarding environmental issues have begun to resonate not only in the countryside but in the halls of power as well.
This party has also become affiliated with a larger organization focused on environmental issues and concerns. The FPVA or the Federation of Green Parties of the Americas is an umbrella organization of green political parties throughout the continent, allowing for a more consolidated effort as to environmental education, awareness and protection. Aside from the united legislative efforts, the organization also serves as an urgent information and action network to be able to address issues that have an international impact. This in turn would help consolidate all the programs by each party and country for a more cohesive strategy and policy in the long run.
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