Islamic architecture is an art of building developed in an area which extends from Spain to India between 622 and the 19th century.
The principal architecture elements of this art are: the minarets which were used as a torch lit watchtowers, a large courtyard with a place to pray, the use of the Arabic calligraphy instead of pictures, the use of fountains in the center of a palace, the iwan which is a large archway that dominates the faade.
What also distinguish Islamic architecture are the rhythmic and geometric patterns of all their elements.
The style of Islamic architecture has emerged after Muhamad’s time and was influenced by a lot of others civilization and architectures.
The Egyptian, the Persian, the byzantine and the Spanish architectures have all affected the Islamic architecture
The oldest monuments of this architecture are the Great Mosque of Kairouan in Tunisia which was funded in 670AD and is constituted of massive square minaret, a large courtyard and a very vast prayer hall.
The Hugia Sophia in Istanbul has also influenced the Islamic architecture when Ottomans took Istanbul from the Bizantyne and convert the basilica into a mosque and preserved certain elements of the basilica like the domes.
The most popular work of Islamic architecture are the Taj Mahal in Agra, the Done of rock in Jerusalem, the Mezquita in Spain, the great mosque of Djenn in Mali…..
Islamic architecture has evolved since 622 and we are seeing a new modern style adapted to our times. Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the world’s tallest building is inspired by this architecture and King Abdulaziz International airport is an example of modern Islamic architecture for which the architect received the award of “an outstanding contribution to architecture for Muslims”.
Islamic architecture is much more than a spectacle of domes and minarets or palaces with Arabic calligraphy; it’s also an art that has unified Europe, Asia and Africa.
So what do you think about this architecture? And have you already visited countries affected by the Islamic style?
By PublicDomainPictures from Pixabay