Foreign exchange trading, or often referred to as Forex (FX) currency trading, is simply the trading of foreign currencies in a forex market. This form of trading was initiated by the event of the Breton Woods Agreement in 1944. This agreement was an effort to keep cash from draining out of the war-ravaged Europe. The U.S. Dollar served as the basis for currency values, which was pegged to the price of gold.
When this agreement had collapsed, the modern era of foreign exchange then emerged in 1971. By then the U.S Dollar was no longer convertible to gold, signaling an increase in currency market volatility and trading opportunities, however, during the collapse of the Smithsonian and European Joint Float agreements in 1973, the true free-floating currency exchange began to transpire. With the aid of the computer technology, the reach of the exchange marketplace was extended. Values of major word currencies today have become independent of each other.
There are four known currency pairs that dominate the percentage of trades. This are identified when buying and selling in the forex currency trading system market. These four currency pairs are the Euro vs. U.S. Dollar, the U.S. Dollar vs. the Japanese Yen, the U.S. Dollar vs. Swiss Franc, and the U.S. Dollar vs. the British Pound.
When investing in currency, the primary goal is to hold a currency that appreciates in value relevant to the other currencies. Here is a simplistic example. If 50 British Pounds were bought for 100 U.S. Dollars, then held the Pounds for one week, considering that in that period the value of Pounds increased in relation to U.S. Dollars, those Pounds could then be converted back into $ 120 for example.
The forex currency trading is open for trades the whole 24 hours in a day. Compared to the domestic stock markets, the foreign currency trading is always in business since every country from different regions of the globe trade on the FX market. In addition, the other important distinction of the forex currency trading from the domestic stock exchange is that it does not rely on a central body or organization such as the NYSE or NASDAQ to act as middleman. Usually, the trading flows between major banking centers around the world.
Previously, currency trading had very high barriers to entry, giving only large banking and institutional firms the access to the tools and systems required to participate in the forex trading. With the advent of the internet, there came the FX brokers. These forex brokers may be thought of as something similar to an online stock trading account such as etrade. This enables anybody to play the forex trading game by opening an account and buy and sell in quantity. The large minimum transaction size can be met by brokers as these are composed of thousands of investors placing orders through tem.
It may seem easy to start trading forex, however, it is undeniably a complicated and complex market. As it offers a tremendous opportunity for wealth, it is also very easy to lose a whole lot. It is best to first to do research, understand and analyze as much on this matter before investing your hard earned money.