One of the world’s most historic and enthralling cities, Rome is famous for its rich heritage and important buildings. Numerous expressions have been used to describe the unique city of Rome and capital of Italy. Many wonderful monuments and truly ancient ruins reside in Rome, together with numerous vivacious shopping areas, restaurants and sightseeing opportunities. The city has much to offer tourists and also offers a selection of nearby beaches.
Rome has long been a major tourist destination and its historical attractions and important ruins are known throughout the world. However, the city is also an exciting and vibrant place to visit, with many impressive shops, restaurants, entertainment venues and seasonal festivals.
When To Visit
Rome is an interesting place to visit at any time because most attractions are open all year round. the best times are the spring and autumn months of April & May, and mid-September, October and mid-November, when the temperatures are more favourable, even though there is more rain from October.
Rome Tourism and Attractions
Rome today is one of the most important tourist destinations of the world, due to the incalculable immensity of its archaeological and artistic treasures, as well as for the charm of its unique traditions, the beauty of its panoramic views, and the majesty of its magnificent “villas” (parks). It is a major archaeological hub, and one of the world’s main centres of archaeological research.
What To See
Pantheon : Built more than 1800 years ago, the magnificent Pantheon building still stands as a reminder of the great Roman empire. Originally a temple for all pagan gods, the temple was converted into a church in 609. The Pantheon now contains the tombs of the famous artist Raphael and of several Italian Kings.
Colosseum: The Colosseum is probably the most impressive building of the Roman empire. Originally known as the Flavian Amphitheater, it was the largest building of the era. The monumental structure has fallen into ruins, but even today it is an imposing and beautiful sight.
The elliptical building is immense, measuring 188m by 156m and reaching a height of more than 48 meter (159 ft). The Colosseum could accommodate some 55,000 spectators who could enter the building through no less than 80 entrances.
Roman Forum: The Roman Forum is located in a valley that is between the Palatine hill and the Capitoline hill and is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. The Forum was the marketplace of Rome and also the business district and civic center. It was expanded to include temples, a senate house and law courts.
St. Peter’s Basilica: The striking square and its imposing colonnade lead to the greatest basilica of the Christian world: St Peter’s Basilica (Basilica San Pietro). The building itself is truly impressive. The largest church in the world, it has a 218 meter long nave.
The basilica’s dome is the world’s largest measuring 42m in diameter and reaching 138 meter high (more than 450ft). The interior, which includes 45 altars, is decorated by many famous artists.
Circus Maximus: The Circus Maximus was the largest stadium in ancient Rome. At one point the Circus could seat 250.000 people, one quarter of Rome’s population. The last race at the Circus Maximus was held in AD 549, almost a millennium after the first races were held at this location.
Today only the layout of the original circus can be seen in what is now a large grassland. Most of the original structure has been used as building material for medieval and Renaissance constructions.
Apart from the above mentioned places, there are numerous other interesting sites to visit in Rome.
By skylark from Pixabay